If sides of Cyclic Quadrilateral are a,b,c,d and its diagonals are x and y while And Pythagoras [Samos, — BC] Like Thales, Pythagoras is rather known for mathematics than for philosophy.

He advanced a rudimentary arithmetic and algebraic notation, allowed rational-number solutions to his problems rather than just integers, and was aware of results like the Brahmagupta-Fibonacci Identity; for these reasons he is often called the "Father of Algebra.

Some of the teachings made their way to India, and from there to the Islamic world and Europe. Aryabhata is said to have introduced the constant e.

Careful study of the errors in the catalogs of Ptolemy and Hipparchus reveal both that Ptolemy borrowed his data from Hipparchus, and that Hipparchus used principles of spherical trig to simplify his work.

The stringent rules to which members had to subject themselves were justified by the danger of being defiled by sinful matter.

Johann Hartmann from a town near Erfurt characterized this ecstasy as "a complete disappearance of the painful sting of conscience. Al-Farisi was another ancient mathematician who noted FLT4, although attempting no proof.

A bitterly anti-ecclesiastical sentiment pervades the views of the Free Spirits and finds expression in their frequent worship of Lucifer. But a collection of excerpts from his works was later condemned as heretical, probably because of his influence on the heretical sects.

Thus the followers of Amalric perceived the Kingdom of the Spirit more in terms of a spiritual state of the members of the sect than in terms of a world to be actively transformed.

This was embodied in Amalric and his followers, as previously revelation had been embodied in Christ.

Amalric died soon thereafter. It is sometimes claimed that his equations for planetary motions anticipated the Laws of Motion discovered by Kepler and Newton, but this claim is doubtful. The words philosophy and mathematics are said to have been coined by Pythagoras.

I'll knock out walls and remodel the City into one big happy household, where all can come and go as they choose. It seems that the appeal for communality of property was rather widespread among the Cathars, since it is mentioned in certain Catholic works directed against them.

The external, exoteric circle of participants in the sect was made up from these social elements, while the Free Spirits, those who had attained "Godliness," formed a narrow, esoteric circle.

Pappus' best and most original result, and the one which gave him most pride, may be the Pappus Centroid theorems fundamental, difficult and powerful theorems of solid geometry later rediscovered by Paul Guldin. He is highly respected among Indian Mathematicians, because of his establishment of terminology for concepts such as equilateral, and isosceles triangle; rhombus; circle and semicircle.

This rite cannot be compared to anything in the Catholic Church. With the introduction of Cartesian Geometry this changed dramatically, points could now be expressed as points on a graph, and as such, graphs could be drawn to any scale, also these points did not necessarily have to be numbers.

Ina sect of Cathars is recorded in Mainz, in and again in in Aquitaine, in in Orleans, in in Arras, in in Monteforte near Turinin in Burgundy, in in Goslar, etc. Although others solved the problem with other techniques, Archytas' solution for cube doubling was astounding because it wasn't achieved in the plane, but involved the intersection of three-dimensional bodies.

When it was found that the solution contained an error, he returned to solitude for a further year before the solution was accepted. At his time the concept of irrational numbers was not known and it is uncertain how Pythagoras dealt with the problem.

Dec 07, · Greek Mathematician Pythagoras is considered by some to be one of the first great mathematicians. Living around to BC, in modern day Greece, he is known to have founded the Pythagorean cult, who were noted by Aristotle to be one of the.

Dec 07, · Greek Mathematician Pythagoras is considered by some to be one of the first great mathematicians. Living around to BC, in modern day Greece, he is known to have founded the Pythagorean cult, who were noted by Aristotle to be one of the.

Famous Indian Mathematicians Profile and Contributions RAMANUJAN He was born on 22 na of December in a small village of Tanjore district, lanos-clan.com failed in English in Intermediate, so his formal studies were stopped but his self-study of mathematics continued.

Famous Mathematicians. Pascal is recognized for two mathematical areas of study, projective geometry and probability theory. He describes in his paper, Indian mathematician Aryabhatta’s contribution include his work on providing an approximate value to pi.

He likewise touched on the concepts of sine, cosine, and the place-value system. Srinivasa Ramanujan, (born December 22,Erode, India—died April 26,Kumbakonam), Indian mathematician whose contributions to the theory of numbers include pioneering discoveries of the properties of the partition function.

The Indians were also responsible for another hugely important development in mathematics. The earliest recorded usage of a circle character for the number zero is usually attributed to a 9th Century engraving in a temple in Gwalior in central India.

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Top 10 Greatest Mathematicians - Listverse